Vinho Verde is Portuguese and literally means “Green Wine“. There are red, white and, more rarely, rosé varieties of the appellation Vinho Verde, but the majority of the exported wine is white although red can be purchased in select locations.
The “Vinho Verde Region” was demarcated by the law of September 18, 1908 and a decree of October 1 of the same year. It is in the northwest of Portugal, from just south of Porto to the north. The recognition of Vinho Verde as a Denominação de Origem established the geographical limits, quality requirements and the characteristics of the wine, as well as trade regulations, which are overseen by the Comissão de Viticultura da Região dos Vinhos Verdes (“Wine Commission of the Vinho Verde Region”).
The region has a long history of viticulture. In the 12th century, wine started to become an important economic factor in the region. Vinho Verde, especially those fromMonção and Ribeira de Lima, was the first Portuguese wine to be sold in the European markets (England, Flanders, and Germany).